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Tree Translator

When reading around the subject of woodwork, it is often that you will find references to trees or timbers in languages other than English, or using the Latin, or botanical, names.  The following table gives the equivalent names for many of our common European trees and timbers used in woodworking.  Apologies to our US friends, but maybe that will follow if someone cares to provide the data.

If you spot any errors or can expand or improve the list, please let me know  by e-mail.

NB:  I know that this page may scroll off the screen for some viewers but this is the best compromise I can think of between readability and layout.  Sorry if it's a problem for you.

English

French

German

Dutch

Botanical/Latin

A

       

Acacia (Robinia)

Robinier (faux acacia)

Akazie (Robinie)

Valse acacia

Robinia Pseudoacacia

Alder, Common/Black

Aune glutineux/Verne/Vergne

Schwarze Erlen / Rote Erle

Grauwe els

Alnus glutinosa

Alder, Grey/European

Aune blanc/Aune de montagne

Grau Erlen

Witte of grijze els

Alnus incana

Apple

Pommier

Apfel

Sierappel

Malus

Ash, Common/European

Frêne commun/Grand frêne

Esche

Gewone es

Fraxinus excelsior

Aspen, European

Peuplier tremble/Tremble

Espen

Tril- of ratelpopulier

Populus tremula

B

       

Bay/Laurel

Laurier d'Apollon/Laurier-sauce

Lorbeer

Groenblijvende laurier

Laurus nobilis

Beech, Common/European

Hêtre/Fayard/Fouteau

Buche

Beuk

Fagus sylvatica

Birch, Downy

Bouleau pubescent

Moor Birke

Zachte berk

Betula pubescens

Birch, Silver/European white

Bouleau d'Europe

Silber Birke

Ruwe, witte, gewone berk

Betula pendula

Blackthorn/Sloe

Epine noir/Prunellier

Schlehdorn/Schwarzdorn

Sleedoorn of zwarte doorn

Prunus spinosa

Box

Buis

Buchsbaum

Gewone palm

Buxux sempevirens

C

       

Cedar of Lebanon

Cèdre du Liban

Zeder

Libanonceder

Cedrus libani

Cherry

Cerisier

Kirsche

Amerikaanse, late, tros- of vogelkers

Prunus serotina

Chestnut, Sweet/Spanish

Châtaignier

Kastanie

Tamme kastanje

Castanea sativa

Crab Apple/Wild Crab

Pommier sauvage/paradis

Holzapfel

Appel

Malus sylvestris

Cypress, Lawson

Cyprès de Lawson

Zypresse

Dwerg- of schijncipres

Chamaecyparis lawsonia

E

       

Elder

Sureau noir/Susier

Holunder

Gewone vlier

Sambucus nigra

Elm, Dutch

Orme Hollandais

Holländische Ulme

Hollandse bastaardiep

Ulmus x hollandica

Elm, English

Orme d'Angleterre/champêtre

Englische Ulme

Engelse veldiep

Ulmus procera

Elm, European white/Fluttering

-

Flatter Ulme

n/a

Ulmus laevis

Elm, Wych/Scotch

Orme blanc/de montagne

Berg Ulme / Weißrüster Ulme

Iep

Ulmus glabra

F, G

       

Fir, Douglas

Douglas vert/Sapin de l'Oregon

Tanne

Douglasspar

Pseudotsuga menziessi

Gean/Wild cherry/Mazzard

Merisier/Merisier des oiseaux

Süßkirsche / Vogelkirsche

Zoete kers

Prunus avium

H

       

Hawthorn, Common

Epine blanche/Aubépine à un style

Eingriffliger Weißdorn

Eenstijlige meidoorn

Crataegus monogyna

Hawthorn, Midland/English/May

Aubépine/ Aubépine à deux styles

Gemeiner Weißdorn

Tweestijlige meidoorn

Crataegus laevigata

Hazel, Common/Cobnut

Coudrier/Noisetier

Haselnuß

Gewone hazelnoot

Corylus avellana

Holly, Common/English

Houx commun

Stechpalme

Gewone, scherpe hulst

Ilex aquifolium

Hornbeam, European/Common

Charme/Faux Bouleau

Hainbuche

Gewone haagbeuk

Carpinus betulus

Horse Chestnut, Common

Marronnier d'Inde

Roßkastanie

Witte paardekastanje

Aesculus hippocastanum

L

       

Laburnum

Aubour (faux ébénier)

Goldregen

 

Laburnum anagyroides

Larch, European/Common

Mélèze d'Europe/commun

Lärche

Europese lork

Larix decidua

Lime, Common/Linden

Tilleul de Hollande

Holländische Linde

Hollandse linde

Tilia x europea

Lime, Large-leaved

Tilleul à grandes feuilles

Sommer Linde

Grootbladige of zomerlinde

Tilia platyphyllos

Lime, Small-leaved

Tilleul à petites feuilles

Winter Linde / Stein Linde

Kleinbladige, winter of steenlinde

Tilia cordata

M

       

Mahogany

Acajou

Mahogani

 

Swietenia macrophylla

Maple, Field/Hedge

Erable Chapêtre

Ahorn

Spaanse aak of veldesdoorn

Acer campestre

Medlar

Néflier commun

Mispel

Mispel

Mespilus germanica

O

       

Oak,  Sessile/Durmast

Chêne à glands sessiles/Rouvre

Winter Eiche / Trauben Eiche

Wintereik

Quercus petraea

Oak, English/Pedunculate

Chêne pedonculé

Sommer Eiche

Zomereik

Quercus robur

Oak, Holm/Holly

Chêne vert/Yeuse

Steineiche

Steeneik

Quercus ilex

P

       

Pear, Common

Poirier commun

Birnbaum

Gewone of tuinpeer

Pyrus communis

Pine, pitch, northern

Pin dur

Kiefer

Doornden

Pinus rigida

Pine, Scots

Pin sylvestre

Föhrer

Grove den

Pinus sylvestris

Plane, London

Platane commun/à feuille d'érable

Platane

Plataan

Platanus acerifolia

Plum

Prunier

Pflaume

Pruim of kers

Prunus

Poplar, Lombardy

Peuplier d'Italie

Schwarze Pappel

Italiaanse populier

Populus nigra 'Italica'

Poplar, White/ Abele

Peuplier d'Holland/blanc/Ypreau

Weiß Pappel

Witte abeel

Populus alba

R, S

       

Rowan, Mountain Ash (Euro)

Sorbier des oiseaux (des oiseleurs)

Eberesche

Gewone of wilde lijsterbes

Sorbus aucuparia

Spruce, Norway

Epicéa commun/Sapin rouge

Fichte/Rottanne

Gewone spar

Picea abies

Sycamore

Sycomore/Faux platane

Bergahorn

Gewone esdoorn

Acer pseudoplatanus

W

       

Walnut, Black

Noyer noir

Schwarznuß

Zwarte ofwel Amerikaanse noot

Juglans nigra

Walnut, English/Persian

Noyer commun

Walnuß

Walnoot, okkernoot of gewone noot

Juglans regia

Whitebeam

Alisier blanc/Alouchier

Echte Mehlbeere

Meelbes

Sorbus aria

Wild Service Tree

Alisier torminal

Elsbeere

Lijsterbes

Sorbus torminalis

Willow, Crack/Brittle

Saule cassant

Bruch Weide / Knackweide

Knak- of breekwilg

Salis fragilis

Willow, Goat/Pussy

Saule marsault

Kätzchenweide

Waterwilg

Salix caprea

Willow, White

Saule argenté/blanc

Silber Weide / Weiß Weide

Gewone wilg

Salix alba

Y

       

Yew, Common or English

If commun

Eibe

Venijnboom

Taxus baccata

My thanks to Ralf Konrad, Wolfgang Portratz and Kaj Andersen for their assistance with the German translations, to Jacques Joly and Francis Wild for help with the French and to Truus Beisterveld of the Dutch Woodturner's Association for his provision of the Dutch translations (and for spotting the typos in my Latin)

©1997-2004 P. Hemsley.  The information on this website is the copyright property of Peter Hemsley.  Whilst reasonable efforts are made to ensure the accuracy of information presented, no liability can be accepted for errors in this information nor for contingencies arising therefrom.  If you are inexperienced in any aspect of woodworking, we would strongly counsel that you take a course of formal instruction before commencing to practice

The Floyd Consultancy

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